Author Philip Roth dead at 85

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He continued to write well into the 2000s before retiring in 2012.

He was among the greatest writers never to win the Nobel Prize.

Philip was considered by many as one of the greatest novelists of the 20th century. Like him, he went into abysses of human condition without calculating risks: "Every morning, I feel that I descend to a mine, from which at end of day I return with materials that after I have to go to page", he said in that conversation.

Roth also received the Pulitzer Price for fiction for his 1997 book "American Pastoral", which featured his recurring alter ago Nathan Zuckerman.

Author of more than 25 books, Roth was a fierce satirist and uncompromising realist, confronting readers in a bold, direct style that scorned false sentiment or hopes for heavenly reward.

Leading figures in literature, television and academia paid homage to Roth, the author of works including American Pastoral and Portnoy's Complaint, who wrote about topics from the experience of Jews living in America to male sexuality and U.S. politics.

The president of the Philip Roth Society, Aimee Pozorski, once said of Roth, "From the very beginning of his career, he has been deeply invested in representing the lives and fates of Jewish youth". He was the first three-time victor of the PEN/Faulkner Award, honored for "Operation Shylock" in 1994, "The Human Stain" in 2001 and "Everyman" in 2007.

Roth won virtually every literary honor including the Pulitzer Prize for American Pastoral
Roth won virtually every literary honor including the Pulitzer Prize for American Pastoral

He graduated from Bucknell and pursued a master's degree from the University of Chicago graduating in 1955.

Roth taught comparative literature, mostly at the University of Pennsylvania.

The novelist struck a similar tone in an interview with The New York Times in January, calling Trump "a massive fraud, the evil sum of his deficiencies" and "devoid of everything but the hollow ideology of a megalomaniac".

Ex-wife Claire Bloom wrote a bestselling memoir, Leaving a Doll's House, in which the actress remembered reading the manuscript of his novel Deception.

'The Plot Against America, ' published in 2004, imagines what would have happened had flying ace Charles Lindbergh, an isolationist who expressed anti-Semitic views, defeated Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 election and signed a peace accord with Adolf Hitler. His more recent books included 2001's "The Dying Animal" and 'The Human Stain, ' published in 2000 and released in 2003 as a movie starring Anthony Hopkins and Nicole Kidman.

Following the death of several friends, including novelist Saul Bellow in 2005, Roth wrote 'Everyman, ' a short work of fiction about the physical decline and death of a successful advertising executive.

"You have to be able to compress and condense", said Mr. Roth. These were the post-Second World War years, and by placing Seymour in this era, Roth critiqued the culture and politics of the time, leading up to the Vietnam war, with the sequels bringing the narrative arc up to the Clinton presidency. "In my life I have had, in total, a couple of months of these completely wonderful days as a writer, and that is enough". "Abundance and emptiness. Blazing forth and muddling through".

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