Kerala: After Nipah, Outbreak of West Nile Viral Infection Suspected in Kozhikode

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Various samples including serum of the patient were sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune to confirm the West Nile fever, typically spread by Monsonia and Qulex mosquitoes. About one in 150 people develop a severe illness that can affect the central nervous systems.

The milder form of the illness is West Nile Fever. "It is imperative that Pennsylvania residents take common-sense precautions to protect themselves from mosquitoes", said DEP Secretary Patrick McDonnell.

DEP West Nile virus program staff have conducted multiple operations to reduce mosquito habitats from tire piles and other areas. "It takes only a small amount of standing water, in a bird bath, in an old vehicle tire, in overturned lids, in empty pots, anywhere, to provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes". These bodies of standing water are where mosquitoes lay their eggs.

Previous year in the United States, the West Nile infection was reported in over 2000 patients, causing deaths of 121 people. Bird baths, clogged gutters and kiddie pools are common breeding sites.

To curb the ballooning threat of West Nile Virus, an aerial insecticide spraying has to be conducted.

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So far this summer mosquitoes found to be carrying the virus have also been identified in the nearby municipalities of Bethlehem, Quakertown borough and Wilson borough.

People from Manitoba are advised to use mosquito repellent, wear long-sleeved white clothes and try to stay indoors at dusk and dawn. The West Nile virus is a life-threatening disease that is contracted through an infected mosquito bite.

The Department of Public Health and Wellness has also advised residents to mosquito-proof their homes by installing fix screens to keep the insects outside, using an air conditioning system, and emptying standing water.

"While the symptoms may not seem threatening in the vast majority of cases, serious impacts to health can occur from being bitten by mosquitoes that carry this virus", said McDonnell.